The Belmont Report
Following the public outrage over the Syphilis Study at Tuskegee, Congress established the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research in 1974. The National Commission was charged with:
- Identifying the ethical principles to guide all research involving human subjects
- Developing guidelines for the conduct of ethical research involving human subjects
In 1979, the National Commission drafted The Belmont Report – Ethical Principles and Guidelines for the Protection of Human Subjects of Research.
The Belmont Report identified three principles essential to the ethical conduct of research with humans:
- Respect for persons
These three basic principles serve as the foundation of the current HHS regulations and guidelines for the ethical conduct of human subjects research supported by HHS.